Although the qu’Oujda was long a strategic geographical interest, for Zenetes then Mérinides, it was nevertheless a small walled town of some thirty acres just to the colonization. The arrival of the colonial army of Lyautey, under the protectorate in 1906, made the city a place of immigration. Took its limits the scope beyond the city walls, with the arrival of new settlers from Algeria and Europe, multiplying the number of inhabitants per twenty. Oujda then took another face, with a new town, new buildings built in the Kasbah. Lyautey was also his staff, by its strategic position on the axis linking Fez to Oran.